How to Create Buyer Personas: The Complete Guide [+Examples] (2023)

The reason why some brands are more successful than others isBuyer personalities🇧🇷 While often overlooked by some businesses, buyer personas can be an invaluable tool for reaching your customers more effectively.

A deep understanding of your buyer personas allows your business (from marketing to sales and support) to align and attract high-quality leads and customers that are easier to retain over time.

Check out this blog post for a complete guide on:

  • what are buyer personas
  • why are they so important to a company and
  • How to create one in 4 easy steps

So, without further ado, let's get down to business!

What is a buyer persona?

A buyer persona is a representation of your ideal customer, gleaned from extensive audience research and customer data. This persona is semi-fictional as it is not a real person but is based on real insights drawn from your real customers.

These personas will help you guide your product development to better meet the needs of your target audience, align work across your internal departments, and most importantly, focus on potential customers that really matter.

The characteristics of your personas come from customer surveys, market research, interviews, focus groups, customer service, demographics, psychographics, etc. And since there are different types of customers who buy your products, you may need to create more than one persona.

Below is a visual of the different types of details your personas should include.

How to Create Buyer Personas: The Complete Guide [+Examples] (1)

Now let's see why creating personas is an important part of your overall digital marketing strategy.

(Video) How To Create a Buyer Persona

Why are buyer personas essential for your business?

Buyer personas are very important for every business because they help you understand your customers better. When you discover your existing customers as well as your potential customers, you can customize yourContent Marketing Strategyand create personalized content.

Plus, you can make informed decisions about your product development and marketing messages. At the same time, buyer personas can help you address your customers' pain points and potential roadblocks.

In the email marketing that offersthe biggest returnAmong digital marketing channels, building buyer personas helps in properly targeting customers and creating high-converting marketing campaigns.

Buyer personas are also helpful when making decisions about media strategy🇧🇷 Creating organic posts that “engage” your audience will help you build trust and form a strong bond with your customer base.

In addition, you will see benefits in your social advertising. There are many granular targeting options to help get your ad in front of the right people. Therefore, knowing who the ideal people are for you is crucial.

Overall, buyer personas are absolutely essential if your brand is to be engaging.Marketing omnicanalbecause they basically streamline your sales process.

However, there is no "fixed" number of marketing personas you need to create. You can have one or two if you're just starting out, or up to 10 if you want detailed buyer personas.

And now it's time to see how you can create your own buyer personas for your business!

How to Create Buyer Personas [Step by Step]

The process of creating one or more different personas involves 4 steps. To successfully create useful buyer personas, you must leverage data and information gathered from your audience and your internal teams (eg sales team, marketing team, etc.).

1. Conduct thorough audience research

The first step in this process is to delve deeper into your existing customers. To gather useful data about what kind of people your customers are, you can use two strategies. First, real conversations with your customers are a good place to start. After that, you can look internally and conduct interviews with your internal team members.

(Video) What is a Buyer Persona Explained! [Example + Free Template]

This provides a comprehensive understanding of your customers' behavior as well as their goals and potential challenges.

Customer surveys and interviews

Surveying your current and potential customers is an ideal way to find out what they like about your product/service.

First, you need to build trust with your conversation partners, make it clear that this is not a sales make them feel comfortableto share these insights with you.

Your main goal is to understand customer behavior, so you can even ask questions that inform you about how they find and consume your content.

The top questions to ask your customers are further down in this blog post.

It's a good ideacount dissatisfied customerswith your product. That way, you can find patterns that will help you build stronger buyer personas. For example, your unhappy customers might find your product too technical or difficult to use. This illustrates one of the challenges your customers face that can influence your product development.

The benefit of surveying your existing customers is that you may not need to provide an incentive (for example, a discount coupon). Most customers like to be heard and are eager to provide their feedback and potentially influence the products/services they use. So it's important to emphasize to them that you value their feedback. At the same time, this process increases brand loyalty.

At this point, you might be wondering how you decide how many people to interview. While there is no definitive answer, you shouldThe goal is to interview at least 3 to 5 peoplefor every person you create.

You'll know it's time to stop at the point where you can "predict" what your conversation partner is likely to say. It also depends on how much data you already have when communicating with your internal teams (e.g. your sales team).

Interviews with your internal teams

Conducting interviews with your internal teams can help gain insight into your customers' pain points, goals, and common behaviors before creating your final personas. Also, the overall goal is to find out what types of customers are buying your product.

(Video) How To Create A User Persona (Video Guide)

Starting with your sales team, youinteract with your customers every day🇧🇷 As a result, they can provide the best insights into the factors that influence a potential customer's decision to make or not make a purchase. In addition, they are the ones who constantly receive questions from their target audience to find out whatUnique Selling Propositions (USPs)that make the most sense to your customers.

Moving on to your marketing team, they know your customers' behavior through indirect interactions. How are you found online? Which of your blog posts has the most appeal? Which marketing page on your website gets the most impressions?

All these questions will help you better understand who you need to reach and the best way to reach them.

2. Discover customer goals and pain points

When you discover your customers' goals and identify their pain points, you canImproving the buyer's journeyand provide a better user experience.

Your sales and customer support team will certainly help you find answers to these questions, but it's also listeningand sentiment analysis in social media.

Through social listening tools, you can monitorYour brand mentions, products and competitors. Essentially, you get aSee what people are saying about you online in real time🇧🇷 You can learn why people love your products and what parts of the customer experience are failing, then incorporate those insights into your buyer personas.

You can take it a step further and ask your customer service to get quotes from real customers. This will add more detail to your personas.

3. Understand how to benefit users

Once you have a good understanding of your customers' goals and pain points, it's time to determine how your product or service can help users. See how to proceed in this step.

Analyze the benefits of your product/service and how it makes life easier for your customers. Most marketers have the misconception that they should focus on features. But features describe the product from the brand's point of view, while benefits define the practical convenience the user will enjoy.

You must be wondering how you canHelp your audience overcome key buying barriers.

(Video) How to Create Buyer Persona Step by Step (With Examples)

A good way to master this step is to conduct an online survey of your customers and loyal fans. They will be able to identify your product's immediate benefits, helping you consider how to transform your message and create compelling campaigns.

4. Gather data and create buyer personas

Now it's time to pull together the collected data and look for common characteristics. Once these traits are summarized, you have the foundation for your buyer personas.

For example, let's say you identify a core customer group of single women in their 50s who live in large cities and have above-average incomes. You must transform this abstract set of characteristics into a persona that you can interact with.

So give your buyer persona a name, job title, age, and other identifying characteristics to make it seem like a real person. You could call her "High Performance Sally".

Of course, this representation of traits doesn't apply to ALL the buyers in your audience, but it helps you think about your potential buyers in a "human" way rather than intangible data. Additionally, each persona represents a segment of your audience, allowing you to improve your marketing efforts.

Pro Tip:It is always very useful to use aBuyer Persona Templateas a basis for creating your personas. You can find interesting HubSpot B2C and B2B buyer persona templates by clicking onhere.

28 questions to ask in personal interviews

This list includes some of the key questions to ask when creating detailed customer personas. Most of them are universal. You can add or remove questions as you see fit for your target customers.

1. Questions about personal background (demographics)

  • How old are they?
  • What's your gender?
  • What is your marital status?
  • Do you have kids?
  • What level of education do you have?
  • What did you study?
  • How did you end up where you are today?

2. Questions about the career profile

  • What is your professional role and position?
  • What skills are needed for your job?
  • How long have you been in your current position?
  • How is your work measured?
  • What tools do you use in your work?
  • Who are you reporting? Who is reporting to you?
  • What sector does your company belong to?
  • How big is your company?
  • What is your company's revenue?
  • What is a typical day like?
  • What social networks do you use (eg Facebook, LinkedIn)?
  • What blogs do you read?
  • What are your spending habits?

3. Questions about Goals and Challenges

  • What are your business goals?
  • How is success defined in your role?
  • What is your biggest challenge(s)?
  • What is your biggest problem using our product?
  • What's the worst customer service experience you've ever had?

4. Preference questions

  • How do you prefer to interact with suppliers (email, phone, in person)?
  • Are you researching suppliers/products on the Internet?
  • How did you decide to purchase this product/service (last purchase)?


Buyer personas are a powerful tool for businesses large and small to maximize their marketing efforts and create effective customer journeys. They help you reach your target market more efficiently, improve conversions and increase customer loyalty.

While many brands still don't realize their importance, buyer personas can be among the key factors that will help you win over your competitors.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Here are the most frequently asked questions we collect about buyer personas.

(Video) How to make a buyer persona | includes a real example

1. Are B2B buyer personas different from B2C?

B2C and B2B buyer personas are not much different. B2C buyer personas portray the ideal customer's demographics, preferences, emotions, and goals. B2B personas, on the other hand, tend to focus more on the size of the company, the people making the buying decisions (decision makers), and the benefits sought.


How do you create a buyer persona example? ›

How to Define Your Buyer Personas in 5 Steps
  1. Step 01: Research Your Buyer Personas. ...
  2. Step 02: Segment Your Buyer Personas. ...
  3. Step 03: Create a Name and a Story For Your Buyer Persona. ...
  4. Step 04: Focus on Roles, Goals, and Challenges. ...
  5. Step 05: Use Your Buyer Personas to Craft Tailored Digital Marketing and Sales Strategies.
Nov 22, 2022

What is an example of buyer personas? ›

Most businesses have multiple buyer personas, with each one describing in detail what drives them to buy their product or service. For example, the person's age, location, job title, goals, and challenges they face.

What are examples of creating personas? ›

An example of an average user persona can consist of a name, occupation information, demographics, a personal story, pain points, and challenges. With these elements involved, the user persona is more likely to demonstrate a real human being accurate.

What are the 4 types of buyer persona? ›

Competitive, Spontaneous, Humanistic, and Methodical are the four types of online purchasing personas. Knowing how each persona thinks and acts could help you exponentially when creating your online strategy.

What is a buyer persona answer? ›

What is a buyer persona? A buyer persona is a detailed description of someone who represents your target audience. This persona is fictional but based on deep research of your existing or desired audience. You might also hear it called a customer persona, audience persona, or marketing persona.

What are 3 traits you think are important for a buyer persona? ›

What are 3 traits you think are important for a buyer persona? Demographic Characteristics: Location, age, level of education, gender. Social Characteristics: Income, family situation, occupation, interests. Psychological Characteristics: Includes major character traits.

What are 3 traits of buyer persona? ›

11 Important characteristics that should be included in a buyer persona
  • Name. In terms of creating a buyer persona, “name” refers to descriptive nicknames. ...
  • Age. Age refers to the ideal age range of the perfect customer. ...
  • Income. ...
  • Occupation. ...
  • Location. ...
  • Background. ...
  • Interests. ...
  • Hobbies.

What is a buyer persona and why is it important? ›

A buyer persona is, according to HubSpot, a semi-fictional representation of your ideal customer. It's based on market research, actual data about your existing customers, and a few (educated) assumptions. It helps you to understand and relate to an audience that you want to market your products and services.

What are the 3 categories of user personas? ›

3 Persona Types: Lightweight, Qualitative, and Statistical.

What are the two types of personas? ›

The two types of personas to consider are proto (provisional) personas and full personas. Each has its place in marketing, and aspects like business objectives, time, budget and current state knowledge all come into play when making a recommendation on personas.

What are the two main types of customer personas? ›

Buyer persona: represents your ideal target customer to purchase your product or service. Because they have the highest relation to your revenue, they play a significant role in your marketing strategies, and sales funnel. User persona: represents the users or the customers using your product or service.

What is persona and example? ›

The persona, pluralized as personae or personas, is a chosen voice by which a work or story is told, always for a storytelling purpose. A persona can also be a character or mask someone (like a performer, for instance) puts on for the purpose of elevating their work and/or concealing their own identity.

What are the 5 steps mentioned in creation of personas? ›

We've broken down our process for building a set of compelling user personas into 5 steps:
  • Step 1: Roughly Define Who You Will Study.
  • Step 2: Conduct Research.
  • Step 3: Identify User Groups.
  • Step 4: Draft Personas.
  • Step 5: Finalize & Design Personas.
Jan 14, 2020

What is the most important part of buyer persona? ›

Asking probing questions and carefully listening to your customers' responses lie at the core of creating buyer personas. The best way to gain deep insight into the mind-set of your buyers is to spend quality time with them.

What are the important parts of buyer persona? ›

Elements of a buyer persona
  • Age.
  • Gender.
  • Income.
  • Location.
  • Education level.
  • Professional information—industry, job title, company size, etc.

What is a good buyer persona? ›

Your Best Buyer Persona will reveal:

What products to build next. Which features to prioritize. Where customers run into problems. Why (and what) they buy to solve those problems.

What is buyer persona summary? ›

A buyer persona is a fictionalized characterization of your best customer(s) based on information about them and how they use your product or service. These descriptions mirror your various market segments, with names to match the type of buyer.

What information is needed to create a buyer persona? ›

To build out a thorough persona, you'll need to source the following information: Your target demographics, such as age, job title, and ability to make purchase decisions. Your customer's location. Their goals, such as product purchase, profit, or business growth.

What makes good personas? ›

Effective personas: Represent a major user group for your website. Express and focus on the major needs and expectations of the most important user groups. Give a clear picture of the user's expectations and how they're likely to use the site.

What are the 5 buyer characteristics? ›

In a general scenario, we've got five main factors that determine consumer behavior, i.e these factors regulate if a target customer purchases a product or not. These factors are namely Psychological, Social, Cultural, Personal, and Economic factors.

What are buyer persona tools? ›

It is an interactive web tool that helps businesses generate buyer personas for itself. The tool will ask you a bunch of questions to narrow down the characteristics of your ideal customer.

How do you identify personas? ›

5 easy ways to identify your buyer persona among the crowd
  1. Identify their problems. Successful SaaS business is about providing solutions to the problems your target market faces. ...
  2. Identify their priorities. ...
  3. Identify their objections. ...
  4. Identify their information channels. ...
  5. Identify their buying process.
Jan 8, 2023

What are key personas? ›

In product management, a persona is a profile of a product's typical customer. Personas are used to help a product manager (and others in the organization involved with the product's development) understand key traits, behaviors, goals, responsibilities, and needs of a specific type of user.

What are the 4 ways to benefit from user personas? ›

Personas provide valuable insights that you can use to convey your message to the right audience at the right time. They also enable you to perform market research, targeted advertising, usability testing, and keyword research more efficiently.

How do you target different personas? ›

Here's our easy step-by-step guide to target personas.
How to build target personas
  1. Consider their lifestyle: Do they have a lot of disposable income? ...
  2. Think about their ambitions: Are they career or money motivated? ...
  3. Research their attitudes: What are their opinions on certain brands?

How do you analyze customer personas? ›

Conduct qualitative research for buyer personas
  1. Customer surveys. Conducting surveys online or off with open-ended questions is critical to understanding how your customers frame their motivations and needs. ...
  2. Phone and in-person interviews. ...
  3. Web and exit surveys.
Dec 16, 2022

What are the 7 steps to create persona? ›

Here are 7 steps to creating buyer personas to help build your consumer brand.
  1. Segment your audience. ...
  2. Determine what problems your product solves. ...
  3. Customer characteristics. ...
  4. Triggers and objections. ...
  5. Talk to real customers. ...
  6. Bring your personas to life. ...
  7. Share your personas with your team.
Dec 1, 2014

What is an example sentence of a persona? ›

Example Sentences

His public persona is that of a strong, determined leader, but in private life he's very insecure. The band takes on a whole new persona when they perform live.

What are the three steps to developing a buyer's persona? ›

A buyer persona is a detailed description of representative individuals for each of your target audiences.
Create And Use Buyer Personas In 3 Steps
  1. Step 1: Research your target audience. ...
  2. Step 2: Identify pain points and commonalities. ...
  3. Step 3: Write your buyer personas.
Mar 14, 2022

What is an example of buyer persona in real estate? ›

Buyer personas often include several details including age, gender, location, education, income, marital status and more, which leads to a deeper understanding of how their background influences their needs and expectations for a new home.

What is creating a buyer persona? ›

A buyer persona is a fictionalized characterization of your best customer(s) based on information about them and how they use your product or service. These descriptions mirror your various market segments, with names to match the type of buyer.

What are the three core components of personas? ›

There are three main components to consider when defining community personas: characteristics, influencers, and workflows. By defining these three components for your persona types you can better understand who your members are, what motivates them, and how you can best help them use the community in a successful way.

Which tool is used to build customer personas? ›

Smaply gives you the tools to visualize customer experience by creating personas, stakeholder maps, and journey maps. Making a Smaply persona is a smooth experience. You can create a very clear persona that you can then share with your colleagues. They'll look so good that you'll want to share them.


1. How To Create The Perfect Buyer Persona or Customer Avatar (3 Examples Included)
2. How to Create Buyer Persona [Example + Free Template] | Understanding the buyers Persona.
(Amit Karan)
3. Buyer Persona Examples: What Experts Should Tell You But Don't
4. ChatGPT's Easy Way to Find Your Target Audience
(Design with Canva)
5. SEMRush Buyer Persona Template (Buyer Persona Marketing Example)
(Marketing Island)
6. Facebook Ads Course - Understanding Buyers Persona | Using Data to Create Buyer Personas (Part-13)
(WsCube Tech! ENGLISH)


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